Authors & Editors

The Association for Professionals in Infection Control and Epidemiology acknowledges the valuable contributions from each of the following individuals:

EDITORS

Clinical Editor

Patti Grota, PhD, RN, CNS-M-S, CIC 
Assistant Professor 
Schreiner University 
Kerrville, TX
Section Editors

Section Editors

Vicki Allen, MSN, RN, CIC 
Infection Control Manager 
CaroMont Health 
Gastonia, NC

Kelley M. Boston, MPH, CIC 
Director of Accreditation and Regulatory Compliance Regional Director San Antonio 
Infection Prevention & Management Associates, Inc. 
San Antonio, TX 

Amelia C. Bumsted, BA, BS, RN, CRRN, CIC 
Infection Control Coordinator 
Wheaton Franciscan Health System 
Marianjoy Rehabilitation Hospital 
Wheaton, IL

Laurie J. Conway RN, MPhil, CIC 
Columbia University School of Nursing 
New York, NY

Lynn Slonim Fine PhD, MPH, CIC 
Infection Prevention Program 
University of Rochester Medical Center 
Rochester, NY

Christopher E. Florez, MPH, CIC 
Program Director, EPIC Course 
383rd Training Squadron 
Joint Base Fort Sam Houston, TX

Heather M. Gilmartin, MSN, NP, CIC 
Adjunct Faculty 
University of Colorado, College of Nursing 
Aurora, CO

Beth Ann Kavanagh, MT(ASCP), MS, MBA, CIC
Director, Infection Control and Prevention 
University Health System 
San Antonio, TX

Rebecca Larson, MPH 
Epidemiologist 
Eagle County Public Health & Environment 
Eagle, CO

Jeanette Lepinski, MSN, RN, CIC 
Director of Infection Prevention and Control 
Sinai Health System 
Chicago, IL

Shilla Patel, OD, CIC 
Infection Preventionist III 
Infection Prevention/Clinical Epidemiology Department 
UC San Diego Health System 
La Jolla, CA

Monika Pogorzelska-Maziarz, PhD, MPH 
Associate Research Scientist 
Columbia University School of Nursing 
New York, NY

AUTHORS

Emily A. Ackiss MPH, CIC
 Infection Preventionist Department of Infection Prevention and Control 
Oregon Health and Science University 
Portland, OR

Vicki Allen, MSN, RN, CIC 
Infection Control Manager 
CaroMont Health 
Gastonia, NC

Anucha Apisarnthanarak, MD 
Associate Professor Division of Infectious Diseases 
Thammasat University Hospital 
Pratumthani, Thailand

Joann Archer, BTech, MA 
Educator/Consultant 
Provincial Infection Control Network 
Prince George, British Columbia, Canada

Lennox K. Archibald, MD, PhD, FRCP, DTM&H 
Hospital Epidemiologist 
Malcom Randall VA Medical Center 
Gainesville, FL

Kathleen Meehan Arias, MS, MT, SM, CIC 
Director 
Arias Infection Control Consulting, LLC 
Crownsville, MD

Forest W. Arnold, DO, MSc, FIDSA 
Assistant Professor, Division of Infectious Diseases 
University of Louisville 
Hospital Epidemiologist 
University of Louisville Hospital 
Louisville, KY

Hilary Babcock, MD, MPH 
Instructor, Infectious Diseases 
Washington University School of Medicine 
St. Louis, MO

Tina Bair, BSN, RN, CIC 
Manager, Infection Prevention and Control 
Akron Children’s Hospital 
Akron, OH

Gio Baracco, MD, FACP 
Associate Professor of Clinical Medicine 
Division of Infectious Diseases 
University of Miami Miller School of Medicine 
Veterans Affairs Healthcare System 
Miami, FL

Karsten Becker, MD 
Professor of Medical Microbiology 
Institute of Medical Microbiology 
University Hospital of Munster 
Westfalian Wilhelms-University of Munster 
Munster, Germany

Catherine Berends, RN, BSN, MS 
Infection Control Practitioner 
Sinai Health System 
Chicago, IL

Wendy Berg, BSN, RN, CIC 
Infection Preventionist 
Infection Prevention and Control 
Children’s Hospitals and Clinics of Minnesota 
St. Paul, MN

Sara Bienvenu, RN, MSN 
Clinical Manager, Infection Prevention 
Clinical Services Group 
HCA Hospital Corporation of America 
Nashville, TN

Mandy Bodily-Bartrum, RN, BSN, MPH, CIC 
Director of Quality and Risk Management 
Vibra Hospital & Vista View Care Center 
Thornton, CO

Kim M. Boynton-Delahanty, RN, BSN, MBA/HCM, CIC 
Director Infection Prevention and Control and Epidemiology 
UCSD Healthcare 
San Diego, CA

Kelley M. Boston, MPH, CIC 
Director of Accreditation and Regulatory Compliance 
Regional Director San Antonio 
Infection Prevention & Management Associates, Inc. 
San Antonio, TX

Jason E. Bowling, MD 
Assistant Professor 
Department of Medicine/Division of Infectious Diseases 
Director of Hospital Epidemiology, University Health System 
The University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio 
San Antonio, TX

David M. Brewer, DVM, DACVIM (Neurology) 
Neurologist/Neurosurgeon 
Bush Veterinary Neurology Service 
Leesburg, VA

Michael Brown, PhD 
Professor Emeritus 
McDaniel College  
Westminster, MD

Amelia C. Bumsted, BA, BS, RN, CRRN, CIC 
Infection Control Coordinator 
Wheaton Franciscan Health System 
Marianjoy Rehabilitation Hospital 
Wheaton, IL

Jose Cadena, MD 
Assistant Professor of Medicine 
Department of Medicine/Infectious Diseases 
University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio 
Assistant Chief of Infectious Diseases 
Medical Director Infection Control 
South Texas Veterans Healthcare System 
San Antonio, TX

Elizabeth A. Campbell, BS, RN, CIC 
Infection Control Coordinator 
Reston Hospital Center 
Reston, VA

Harriette Carr, RN, MSN, CIC 
Infection Preventionist 
Carmichael, CA

Ruth Carrico, PhD, RN, FSHEA, CIC 
Associate Professor 
Division of Infectious Diseases 
School of Medicine 
University of Louisville 
Louisville, KY

Carol E. Chenoweth, MD 
Professor, Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Infectious Diseases 
Clinical Professor, Department of Epidemiology 
University of Michigan Health System 
Ann Arbor, MI

Teresa Chou, MPH, MS, RN, CIC 
Manager, Epidemiology and Infection Prevention and Control 
Advocate Illinois Masonic Medical Center 
Chicago, IL

William E. Coll, MPUB, AFF, BA, LP, LEHS 
Program Manager—Infection Preventionist 
Austin/Travis County EMS System 
Office of the Medical Director 
Austin, TX

David K. C. Cooper, MD, PhD, FRCS 
Thomas E. Starzl Transplantation Institute 
University of Pittsburg Medical Center 
Pittsburg, PA

Brian Cotton, PE, CHFM, FASHE 
Executive Director of Design & Construction 
University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences 
Little Rock, AR

Karen Cromwell, RN, MSM, CIC 
Deputy Chief, Infection Prevention and Control Service 
Walter Reed National Military Medical Center 
Bethesda, MD

Christopher J. Crnich, MD 
Assistant Professor of Medicine 
Section of Infectious Diseases 
University of Wisconsin Medical School 
Infection Control Department 
Center for Trauma and Life Support 
University of Wisconsin Hospital and Clinics 
Madison, WI

Ruth Curchoe, RN, MSN, CIC 
Infection Prevention Consultant 
Hilton, NY

Stephen D. Cutter, MBA, HFDP, CHFM, SASHE
Director of Facilities 
Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Center 
Lebanon, NH

Kathleen T. Darling, MS, MT, M(ASCP), CIC 
Infection Control Coordinator 
Texas A&M University 
Veterinary Medical Teaching Hospital 
College Station, TX

Michelle E. Day MSN, RN, CGRN 
Team Leader 
Comprehensive Liver Center 
Hartford Hospital 
Hartford, CT

Linda Dickey, RN, MPH, CIC 
ICP/Clinical Professional Improvement 
University of California Irvine Medical Center 
Orange, CA

Margaret A. Dudeck, MPH, CPH 
Epidemiologist 
Surveillance Branch 
Division of Healthcare Quality Promotion 
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention 
Atlanta, GA

Melissa C. Dyson, DVM, MS, DACLAM 
Associate Professor and Assistant Director 
Unit for Laboratory Animal Medicine 
The University of Michigan 
Ann Arbor, MI

Jonathan R. Edwards, MStat 
Research Mathematical Statistician 
Lead, Statistics Team 
Surveillance Branch 
Division of Healthcare Quality Promotion 
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention 
Atlanta, GA

Larysa M. Fedoriw, MPH 
Healthcare Epidemiology and Infection Prevention 
Northwestern Medicine 
Chicago, IL

Carolyn Fiutem, BS, MT(ASCP), CIC 
Infection Prevention Officer 
Tri-Health 
Cincinnati, OH

Annemarie Flood, RN, BSN, CIC 
Infection Prevention Program Manager 
City of Hope 
Duarte, CA

Marie E. Fornof, RN, BSN, CIC 
Infection Preventionist 
National Jewish Health 
Denver, CO

Janet Nau Franck RN, MBA, CIC 
Infection Preventionist / Consultant 
Chicago, IL

Candace Friedman, MPH, CIC
Project Manager/Office of Clinical Safety 
University of Michigan Health System 
Ann Arbor, MI

Donald E. Fry, MD 
Adjunct Professor of Surgery 
Northwestern University 
Feinberg School of Medicine 
Chicago, IL

Bruce Gamage, RN, BSN, CIC 
IC Consultant 
BC Centre for Disease Control 
Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada

Sylvia Garcia-Houchins, RN, MBA, CIC 
Director, Infection Control Program 
University of Chicago Medical Center 
Chicago, IL

Karen S. Geismar, MS, RD, LD, CNSC 
Lecturer, Department of Nutrition and Food Sciences 
Texas A&M University 
College Station, TX

Joan Godich, BSN, RN 
Nurse Consultant 
Walter Reed National Military Medical Center 
Bethesda, MD

Angella M. Goetz, RN, MNEd, CIC 
Senior Consultant 
Special Pathogens Laboratory 
Pittsburgh, PA

Linda Goss, BS, MSN, APRN-NP, BC, CIC, COHN-S 
Infection Preventionist 
Norton Brownsboro Hospital 
Infectious Disease Nurse Practitioner 
Norton Infectious Disease Specialists 
Louisville, KY

Elicia A. Greene, RN, MSN, CIC, CPHQ 
Assistant Chief, IC 
Central Texas Veterans Health Care System 
Temple, TX

Marguerite Gribogiannis, BS, MPA, CIC 
Infection Control Practitioner 
Advocate Lutheran General Hospital 
Park Ridge, IL

Patti Grota, PhD, RN, CNS-M-S, CIC 
Assistant Professor 
Schreiner University 
Kerrville, TX

Janet Haas, PhD, RN, CIC 
Director of Infection Prevention & Control 
Westchester Medical Center 
New York, NY

Darragh Halpenny, MB BCh BAO, MRCPI, FFRRCSI 
Department of Radiology
Tallaght Hospital 
Dublin, Ireland

Nancy G. Harless, BSN, MPH, CIC 
Infection Prevention Practitioner 
CaroMont Regional Medical Center 
Gastonia, NC

Patricia L. Harris MSN, RN, CIC 
Nurse Manager 
Department of Veterans Affairs 
Veterans Affairs Pittsburgh Healthcare System 
Pittsburgh, PA

Jennifer A. Harte, DDS, MS 
Colonel (ret) USAF, DC 
Dental Infection Prevention and Control Consultant 
Northville, MI

Ann Henry, RN, MA, CIC 
Senior Infection Control Coordinator 
Blount Memorial Hospital 
Maryville, TN

Carolyn T. A. Herzig, MS 
Project Director, Columbia University School of Nursing 
New York, NY

Kimberly M. Hinckley, RN, BSN, CIC 
Senior Infection Control Coordinator 
Roswell Park Cancer Institute 
Buffalo, NY

Kelly Holmes, MS, CIC 
Director of Education and Human Resources 
Regional Director Missouri and Eastern USA 
Infection Prevention & Management Associates, Inc. 
St. Louis, MO

Lori K. Irwin, RN, MSN, CNS 
Professional Practice Leader 
Women and Children’s Services 
Oregon Health and Sciences University 
Portland, OR

Pamela Iwamoto, MSN, RN, CIC 
Sr. RN Case Manager 
University of New Mexico College of Nursing 
Infection Preventionist Consultant 
University of New Mexico Medical Group 
Albuquerque, NM

Julie Jefferson, RN, MPH, CIC 
Director, Epidemiology and Infection Control 
Rhode Island Hospital 
Providence, RI

Dawn Jourdan, RN, BSN 
Clinical Quality Coordinator 
The Nebraska Medical Center 
Omaha, NE

Eric S. Kastango, MBA, RPh, FASHP 
Principal-CEO 
Clinical IQ, LLC 
Madison, NJ

Beth Ann Kavanagh, MT(ASCP), MS, MBA, CIC
Director, Infection Control and Prevention 
University Health System 
San Antonio, TX

Robert R. Kelley, PhD 
Assistant Professor of Medicine 
Assistant Director of Data Management and Analysis 
University of Louisville School of Medicine 
Division of Infectious Diseases 
Clinical and Translational Research Support Center 
Louisville, KY

Irena Kenneley, PhD, APRN-BC, CIC 
Assistant Professor, Faculty Development Director 
Case Western Reserve University 
Cleveland, OH

Patricia C. Kienle, RPh, MPA, FASHP
Director of Accreditation and Medication Safety 
Cardinal Health Pharmacy Solutions 
Wilkes-Barre, PA 

Robin Kock, MD 
Institute of Hygiene 
University Hospital of Munster 
Westfalian Wilhelms-University of Munster 
Munster, Germany

Kathleen Kohut, MS, BSN, RN, CIC, CNOR 
System Director, Infection Prevention 
Cone Health 
Greensboro, NC

Hong Kuan Kok, MB BCh BAO, BMedSci, MRCPI, MRCP(UK)
Department of Radiology 
Tallaght Hospital 
Dublin, Ireland

Sharron Knox, BSN, RN, CIC 
Infection Control Coordinator 
Specialty Hospital Jacksonville 
Jacksonville, FL

Eric Lee, MT(ASCP)
CaroMont Regional Medical Center 
Gastonia, NC

Jeanette Lepinski, MSN, RN, CIC 
Director of Infection Prevention & Control 
Sinai Health System 
Chicago, IL

Jan Lienau, BSN, RN, CIC 
Infection Preventionist II 
Greer Medical Campus 
Greenville Health System 
Greer, SC

Peggy Prinz Luebbert, MS, MT(ASCP), CIC, CHSP 
Healthcare Interventions, Inc. 
Omaha, NE

Dennis G. Maki, MD 
Ovid O. Meyer Professor of Medicine 
Section of Infectious Diseases
University of Wisconsin Medical School 
Infection Control Department 
Center for Trauma and Life Support 
University of Wisconsin Hospital and Clinics 
Madison, WI

Anil Mangla, MD
Chief Epidemiologist 
San Antonio Metropolitan Health District 
San Antonio, TX

Nedra D. Marion, RN, BSN, MPA, CIC 
Manager, Department of Infection Control and Epidemiology 
The Nebraska Medical Center 
Omaha, NE

Carol McLay, DrPH, BSN, RN, CIC 
Infection Prevention Consultant 
Lexington, KY

Nancy Mendicino, RN, MSN, CIC 
ICP Director 
Christus Santa Rosa Health Care 
San Antonio, TX

Darlene Miller, DHSc, MPH, MA, SM (NRM, ASCP), MT (ASCP), CIC 
Research Associate Professor 
Department of Ophthalmology 
Scientific Director Abrams Ocular Microbiology Laboratory Anne Bates Leach Eye Hospital/Bascom Palmer Eye Institute University of Miami Miller School of Medicine 
Miami, FL

Sonia Miller, RN, BSN, MSN, CIC 
Chief, Infection Prevention & Control 
Fort Belvoir Community Hospital 
Fort Belvoir, VA

John Molinari, PhD 
Director of Infection Control
The Dental Advisor 
Ann Arbor, MI 

Elizabeth Monsees, RN, MSN, MBA, CIC 
Infection Control Practitioner 
Children’s Mercy Hospitals & Clinics 
Kansas City, MO

Julia Moody, MS, SM(ASCP) 
Clinical Director, Infection Prevention 
Clinical Services Group 
HCA Hospital Corporation of America 
Nashville, TN

Gloria Morrell, RN, MS, MSN, CIC 
Nurse Consultant 
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention 
Atlanta, GA

Linda M. Mundy, MD, PhD 
Director, Worldwide Epidemiology 
Research and Development, GlaxoSmithKline 
Collegeville, PA

Rebecca J. Murphy, RN, MSN, CNOR 
Perioperative Services Outcomes Manager 
Central DuPage Hospital 
Winfield, IL

Deborah M. Nadzam, PhD, RN, BB, FAAN 
Practice Leader, Patient Safety Services 
Joint Commission Resources 
Oak Brook, IL

Casey P. Neary, DVM 
Veterinary Neurology/Neurosurgery 
Bush Veterinary Neurology Service 
Leesburg, VA

Doris Neumeyer, RN, BSN 
Administrative Nurse Clinician 
William Beaumont Hospital-Troy 
Troy, MI

Deborah M. Nihill, RN, MSA, CIC, CPHQ 
Director, Quality Management 
Mercy Hospital 
St. Louis, MO

Ann-Christine Nyquist, MD, MSPH 
Medical Director, Infection Prevention and Control 
Children’s Hospital Colorado 
Professor of Pediatrics, Section of Infectious Diseases and Epidemiology 
University of Colorado School of Medicine 
Aurora, CO

Russell N. Olmsted, MPH, CIC 
Epidemiologist, Infection Control Services 
Saint Joseph Mercy health System 
Ann Arbor, MI

Ynes Ortega, PhD, MPH 
Associate Professor 
Center for Food Safety 
University of Georgia 
Griffin, GA

Belinda Ostrowsky, MD, MPH 
Director of Antimicrobial Stewardship 
Associate Professor of Medicine 
Montefiore Medical Center 
Bronx, NY

William J. Pate, BS, MPH, DPH 
Safety Manager, Environment of Care 
University Health System 
San Antonio, TX

Thomas F. Patterson, MD, FACP, FIDSA 
Professor of Medicine 
Chief, Division of Infectious Diseases 
The University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio 
Staff Physician, South Texas Veterans Healthcare System 
San Antonio, TX

Sindy M. Paul, MD, MPH, FACPM 
Medical Director 
Division of HIV, STD, and TB Services 
New Jersey Department of Health 
Trenton, NJ

Michael A. Pentella, PhD, CIC, D (ABMM) 
Director, Bureau of Laboratory Sciences 
William A. Hinton State Laboratory Institute 
Jamaica Plain, MA

Cheryl Perego, MPH, MT(ASCP), CIC 
Supervisor, Infection Control 
University of Texas 
MD Anderson Cancer Center 
Houston, TX

Paula Peyrani, MD 
Instructor of Medicine 
Project/Medical Director, HIV clinic 
Assistant Director, Research Design and Development 
Clinical and Translational Research Support Center 
Division of Infectious Diseases 
University of Louisville 
Louisville, KY

Jeanne Pfeiffer, DNP, MPH, RN, CIC 
Clinical Assistant (*Associate) Professor 
University of Minnesota 
School of Nursing 
Minneapolis, MN

Monika Pogorzelska-Maziarz, PhD, MPH 
Associate Research Scientist 
Columbia University School of Nursing 
New York, NY

Patricia Posa, RN, BSN, MSA, FAAN 
System Performance Leader 
St Joseph Mercy Health System 
Ypsilanti, MI

Mary T. Post, RN, MS, CNS, CIC 
Director, Infection Prevention 
Oregon Patient Safety Commission 
Portland, OR

Arlene Potts, BA, MPH, CIC 
Research Scientist 
New Jersey State Department of Health 
Trenton, NJ

Michael Anne Preas, RN, BSN, CIC
Director, Infection Prevention 
University of Maryland Medical Center 
Baltimore, MD

Ruby Puckett, MA, RD, FCSI, CFE 
President, Foodservice Management Consultants 
Program Director, Dietary Manager Training 
University of Florida 
Gainesville, FL

Terri Rebmann, PhD, RN, CIC 
Associate Professor 
Director, Institute for Biosecurity 
Saint Louis University 
College for Public Health & Social Justice 
St. Louis, MO 

Julie A. Ribes, MD, PhD 
Professor of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine 
University of Kentucky Chandler Medical Center 
Lexington, KY

Kathleen Roye-Horn, RN, CIC 
Consultant 
Horn IP Consulting 
Fleming, NJ

Robin Roach, BSN, MS, CIC 
Director, Infection Prevention and Control 
Oregon Health and Science University 
Portland, OR

Howard G. Rush, DVM, MS, DACLAM 
Associate Professor 
Unit for Laboratory Animal Medicine 
The University of Michigan 
Ann Arbor, MI

William A. Rutala, PhD, MPH 
Department of Hospital Epidemiology, University of North Carolina Health Care 
Division of Infectious Diseases, UNC School of Medicine 
Chapel Hill, NC

Keith St. John, MS, MT(ASCP), CIC 
Director, Clinical Epidemiology 
Pharmacy OneSource - Sentri7 
Wolters Kluwer Health 
Bellevue, WA

Kim Schmit-Pokorny, RN, MSN, OCN® 
Manager 
Blood and Marrow Transplantation Program 
Oncology/Hematology Division 
University of Nebraska Medical Center 
Omaha, NE

Sue Sebazco, RN, MBA, CIC 
Director of IC & Employee Health & Education 
Texas Health 
Arlington, TX

Brigid Sheridan, RN, JD 
Associate General Council 
University Health System 
San Antonio, TX

Justin Smyer, MLS(ASCP)CM, MPH, CIC 
Infection Control Practitioner 
University Hospital East 
Department of Clinical Epidemiology 
The Ohio State University 
Wexler Medical Center 
Columbus, OH

Barbara M. Soule, RN, MPA, CIC, FSHEA 
Practice Leader, Infection Prevention Services 
Joint Commission Resources 
Oak Brook, IL

Valerie Sparks, BSN, CIC 
Infection Control Coordinator 
Midland Memorial Hospital 
Midland, TX

Steven Spencer, MD, FAAP 
COL, MC, USA 
Chief, Pediatric Ward 3W 
Walter Reed National Military Medical Center 
Bethesda, MD

Patricia Stone, RN, PhD, FAAN 
Centennial Professor of Health Policy 
Columbia University School of Nursing 
New York, NY

Janet E. Stout, PhD 
Special Pathogens Laboratory 
Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering 
University of Pittsburgh, Swanson School of Engineering 
Pittsburgh, PA

Kathryn N. Suh, MD, FRCPC, CIC 
Associate Director, Infection Prevention and Control 
The Ottawa Hospital, Civic Campus 
Ottawa, Ontario, Canada

Mary C. Thomas, MB, BS, DTM&H, MPH 
Senior Epidemiologist 
San Antonio Metropolitan Health District 
San Antonio, TX

George R. Thompson, MD 
Assistant Professor of Medicine 
Department of Medicine, Division of Infectious Diseases 
Co-director, Coccidioidomycosis Serology Laboratory 
Department of Medical Microbiology and Immunology 
University of California - Davis 
Davis, CA

Alexander Tomich, DNP, RN, CIC 
Director, Infection Prevention and Control 
Rush University Medical Center 
Chicago, IL

William C. Torreggiani, MB BCh BAO, MRCPI, FFRRCSI, FRCR 
Department of Radiology 
Tallaght Hospital 
Dublin, Ireland

S. Samantha M. Tweeten, PhD, MPH 
Epidemiologist 
Epidemiology & Immunization Services Branch 
Health and Human Services Agency 
County of San Diego 
San Diego, CA

Amanda Valyko, MPH, CIC 
Infection Control Practitioner 
Infection Control & Epidemiology 
University of Michigan Health System 
Ann Arbor, MI

Brian Walesa, MPH, CIC 
Infection Control Practitioner 
Sinai Health System 
Chicago, IL

Tyler E. Warkentien, MD, FACP 
Infectious Disease Department 
Walter Reed National Military Medical Center 
Bethesda, MD

David J. Weber, MD, MPH 
Department of Hospital Epidemiology, University of North Carolina Health Care 
Division of Infectious Diseases, UNC School of Medicine 
Chapel Hill, NC

Joan Weber, RN, BSN, CIC 
Infection Control Coordinator 
Shriners Hospitals for Children-Boston 
Boston, MA

Kelly L. West, MS, RN, CIC 
Infection Preventionist 
Epidemiology 
Children’s Hospital Colorado 
Aurora, CO

Katherine H. West, RN, BSN, MSEd 
Infection Control Consultant 
Infection Control/Emerging Concepts, Inc. 
Manassas, VA

Timothy L. Wiemken, PhD, MPH, CIC 
Assistant Professor of Medicine 
Director, University of Louisville Hospital Epidemiology Program 
Assistant Director of Epidemiology and Biostatistics 
University of Louisville School of Medicine 
Division of Infectious Diseases 
Clinical and Translational Research Support Center 
Louisville, KY

Tiffany Wiksten, BSN, RN 
Infection Prevention Practitioner 
Advocate Christ Medical Center and Advocate Children’s Hospital, Oak Lawn 
Oak Lawn, IL

Randall D. Wolcott, MD 
Founder and President 
Southwest Regional Wound Care Center 
Lubbock, TX

Carole Yeung, RN, CIC 
Infection Prevention 
Baptist Home Health Network 
Little Rock, AR

Martha Young, MS, BS, CSPDT 
Consultant 
SAVVY Sterilization Solutions 
Woodbury, MN

John Anthony Zaia, MD 
Professor and Chair, Department of Virology 
Beckman Research Institute, City of Hope Medical Center 
Duarte, CA

REVIEWERS

Vicki Allen, MSN, RN, CIC 
Infection Control Manager 
CaroMont Health 
Gastonia, NC

Anne Augustin, MLT, CIC 
Infection Prevention & Control Coordinator 
Headwaters Healthcare Center 
Orangeville, Ontario, Canada

Kathy Aureden MS, MT(ASCP)SI, CIC
Epidemiology Coordinator 
Sherman Hospital 
Elgin, IL

Ruth Belflower, MPH, RN 
Infection Preventionist 
Hardin Memorial Hospital 
Elizabethtown, KY

Molly Blake, BN, MHS, GNC(C), CIC 
Program Director 
Winnipeg Regional Health Authority 
Winnipeg, Mannitoba, Canada

Sue Boeker, BSN, RN, CIC 
Infection Preventionist 
Greenville Health System 
Greenville, SC

Lynette Boland, RNC, CIC 
Infection Preventionist 
Kosiar Children’s Hospital 
Louisville, KY

Judie Bringhurst, RN, MSN, CIC 
Ambulatory Care Infection Preventionist/Safety Compliance Officer 
University of North Carolina Health System 
Chapel Hill, NC

Tania Bubb, RN, MS, CIC 
Infection Prevention and Control Practitioner 
NYU Langone Medical Center 
Mount Vernon, NY

Amelia Bumsted, BA, BS, RN, CRRN, CIC 
Infection Control Coordinator 
Marianjoy Rehabilitation Hospital 
Wheaton, IL

Jose Cadena Zuluaga, MD 
Infectious Diseases 
South Texas Veterans Healthcare Administration/University Health Science Center 
San Antonio, TX

Lisa Caffery, MS, BSN, RN-BC, CIC 
Infection Prevention Coordinator 
Genesis Medical Center 
Davenport, IO

Barbara Catt, RN, BSN, CIC, Med 
Infection Prevention & Control Coordinator 
Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre 
Keswick, Ontario, Canada

Harriette Carr, RN, MSN, CIC 
Infection Preventionist 
Carmichael, CA

Gwen Cerkowniak, RN, BSN, CIC 
Provincial Infection Control Coordinator 
Saskatoon Health Region 
Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, Canada

Michael Cloughessy, MS, BSEH, REHS, CIC 
Senior Infection Control Practitioner 
Cincinnati Children’s Hospital 
Cincinnati, OH

Dorthea Davis, RPN 
Infection Control Officer 
Selkirk Mental Health Centre 
Selkirk, Manitoba, Canada

Kim Delahanty, BSN, MBA/HCM, CIC 
Administrative Director 
UCSD Health System 
San Diego, CA

Gemma Downham, MPH, CIC 
Infection Prevention Epidemiologist 
AtlantiCare Regional Medical Center 
Pomona, NJ

Brenda Ehlert, MT(ASCP), CIC 
Infection Prevention Coordinator 
Affinity Health System 
Oshkosh, WI

Julia Frith, RN, MSN, CIC 
Infection Prevention 
Kosair Children’s Hospital 
Louisville, KY

Therese Flood, RN, BSN 
Infection Control Nurse 
Baptist Hospital East 
Louisville, KY

Marie Fornof, RN, BSN, CIC 
Infection Preventionist 
National Jewish Health 
Highlands, CO

Gail Fraine, RN, MMHC, BSN, CIC 
Director Infection Prevention 
Saint Thomas Midtown Hospital (formerly Baptist Hospital) 
Nashville, TN

Melissa Fugate, BSN, RN, CIC 
Infection Control Coordinator 
Baptist Health Louisville 
Louisville, KY

Kate Gase, MPH, CIC 
Hospital Acquired Infection Reporting Program Regional Representative 
Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center 
New York, NY

Kasey Gambeta, BScN, RN, MN 
Infection Control Professional 
St. Michael’s Hospital 
Toronto, Ontario, Canada

Patricia Gould, RN, BSN 
Manager, Infection Control 
Jewish Hospital 
Louisville, KY

Patti Grota, PhD, RN, CNS-M-S, CIC 
Assistant Professor 
Schreiner University 
Kerrville, TX

Deborah Harkness, RegN., MScN 
Infection Prevention and Control Practitioner 
Northumberland Hills Hospital 
Cobourg, Ontario, Canada

Eddie Hedrick, BS, MT(ASCP), CIC 
Emerging Infections Coordinator 
Missouri Dept of Health & Senior Services 
Columbia, MO

Crystal Heishman, BSN, RN, CIC, ONC 
Infection Preventionist 
University of Louisville Healthcare 
Louisville, KY

Tricia Herridge, BSC, BEH, CPHI(C) 
Public Health Inspector 
Alberta Health Services 
Camrose, Alberta, Canada

Sally Hess, MPH 
Manager Infection Prevention 
Fletcher Allen Health Care 
Burlington, VT

Steve Hilley, RN 
Infection Prevention Coordinator 
Yampa Valley Medical Center 
Steamboat Springs, CO

Kimberly Hinckley, RN, BSN, CIC 
Sr. Infection Control Coordinator 
Roswell Park Cancer Institute 
Buffalo, NY

Jill Holdsworth, MS, CIC, EMT-B 
Infection Control Practitioner 
INOVA Mount Vernon Hospital 
Alexandria, VA

Sandra Hyman, RN, MPA, CIC 
Infection Prevention Specialist 
New York Presbyterian - Columbia University Medical Center 
New Rochelle, NY

Sharon Jacobs, RN, MS, CIC 
Infection Preventionist 
Bridgeville, PA

Debra Johnson, BSN, RN, CIC 
Infection Prevention Nurse 
Stanford Hospital & Clinics 
Stanford, CA

Marie Kassai, RN, BSN, MPH, CIC 
Infection Prevention Consultant 
MRK Consulting, LLC 
West Paterson, NJ

Irena Kenneley, PhD, APRN-BC, CIC 
Assistant Professor 
Case Western Reserve University 
Cleveland, OH

Anjum Khan, MBBS, MSc 
Infection Preventionist 
St. Michael’s Hospital 
Toronto, Ontario, Canada

Patrick J. Kleinkort, RN, BSN, MHA, CIC 
Epidemiologist 
Broward Health Coral Springs 
Coral Springs, FL

Jessica Kooger, BSC, HONS, CIC 
Infection Control Director 
Norfolk General Hospital 
Simcoe, Ontario, Canada

Ben Kung, BSc, BTech 
Coordinator, Infection Prevention & Control 
College of Physicians & Surgeons of Alberta 
Edmonton, Alberta, Canada

Melanie Lipka, BSc 
Client Care Specialist and Trainer 
HandyMetrics Corporation 
Toronto, Ontario, Canada

Michelle Luscombe, RN 
Regional Infection Control Nurse 
Sun Country Health Region 
Wawota, Saskatchewan, Canada

Jo Ellen Mackey, RN, BSN, CIC 
Infection Prevention Nurse Consultant 
Irealand Army Community Health 
Ft Knox, KY

Judy McCarten, RN, CIC 
Infection Control Professional 
Lakeridge Health 
Oshawa, Ontario, Canada

Mark McCaulley, MD 
Infection Prevention Physician Advisor 
Yampa Valley Medical Center 
Steamboat Springs, CO

Shirley McDonald, ART, CIC 
IPAC Resource Expert 
Public Health Ontario 
Bath, Ontario, Canada

Jacquelyn McKnight, LPN, RPN, CFCN, NACICP 
Council, College of Nurses of Ontario, VP IB/SIG RPNAO 
Elliot Lake Foot Care 
Elliot Lake, Ontario, Canada

Carol McLay, DrPH, BSN, RN, CIC 
Infection Prevention Consultant 
Lexington, KY

Caroline Meguerditchian 
Infection Control Coordinator 
The Perley and Rideau Veterans’ Health Centre 
Ottawa, Ontario, Canada

Elizabeth Monsees, RN, MSN, MBA, CIC 
Infection Control Practitioner 
Children’s Mercy Hospitals & Clinics 
Kansas City, MO

Christine Moore, MLT, BSc, CIC 
Infection Control Educator 
Mount Sinai Hospital 
Toronto, Ontario, Canada

Frank Myers III, MA, CIC 
Infection Preventionist 
UC San Diego Healthcare Systems 
San Diego, CA

Pam Nolting, RN, MSN, CIC 
Infection Control Professional 
University of Louisville Hospital 
Louisville, KY

Christopher Okeahialam, MSc, CIC 
Infection Prevention and Control Consultant 
Public Health Ontario 
Toronto, Ontario, Canada

Neil Pascoe, RN, BSN, CIC 
Nurse Epidemiologist 
Texas Department of Health 
Austin, TX

Marcia Patrick, RN, MSN, CIC 
Infection Prevention Consultant 
Tacoma, WA

Luci Perri, RN, MSN, MPH
Infection Prevention Manager 
Perri IPC Consulting 
Wingate, NC

Ann Marie Pettis, RN, BSN, CIC 
Director 
University of Rochester Medical Center 
Rochester, NY

Michael Anne Preas, RN, CIC 
Infection Control Practitioner 
University of Maryland Medical Center 
Baltimore, MD

Kit Reed, RN, BSN, MPH, CIC 
Infection Prevention Specialist 
Charleston Area Medical Center 
Charleston, WV

Kathy Roye-Horn, RN, CIC 
Infection Prevention Consultant 
Horn IP Consulting 
Flemington, NJ

Teresa Rybacki-Anisko, RN, BSC, CIC 
Infection Control Professional 
Mississauga, Ontario, Canada

Deanna Samms, BS, MA, CIC 
Infection Preventionist 
Charleston Area Medical Center 
Charleston, WV

Steve Schweon, RN, MPH, MSN, CIC, HEN 
Infection Prevention Consultant 
Saylorsburg, PA

Jane Stafford, RN, BN, CIC 
Consultant 
IPAC Dept of Health, Province of New Brunswick 
Fredericton, New Brunswick, Canada

Charla C. Tully, DO, FACP 
Major, USAF, MC 
Infectious Disease Physician 
Medical Director, Infection Control 
San Antonio Military Medical Center Fort Sam Houston 
San Antonio, TX

Carole VanAntwerpen, RN, BSN, CIC 
Consultant, Infection Prevention and Epidemiology 
Clifton Park, NY

William Wagner, ScD, CHCM, CHSP, CHEP 
Vice President, Quality Compliance 
TSIG Consulting 
Marietta, GA

Tonya Wagner, BSN 
Elms Eye Center 
Summerville, SC

Leslie Walker-Rice, BSCN 
Infection Prevention and Control Nurse 
Kateri Memorial Hospital Center 
Kahnawake, Quebec, Canada

Kathy Ward, RN, BSN, MPH, CIC 
Infection Control Practitioner 
Roper Hospital 
Charleston, SC

David Weber, MD, MPH, MHA 
Professor of Medicine, Pediatrics, and Epidemiology 
University of North Carolina – Chapel Hill 
Chapel Hill, NC

Maria Whitaker, MT, CIC 
Infection Preventionist 
Cortland Regional Medical Center 
Cortland, NY

Sharon Winefordner, RN, BSN, CIC 
Infection Preventionist 
Charleston Area Medical Center 
Charleston, WV

Martha Young, MS, BS, CSPDT 
Consultant
SAVVY Sterilization Solutions 
Woodbury, MN

Nancy Zanotti, RN, BSN, MPH, CIC 
Director, Infection Control 
Westside Regional Medical Center 
Plantation, FL

Kelly Zink, RN, CIC 
Infection Preventionist 
Kosair Children’s Hospital 
Georgetown, ID