Declarations of Conflicts of Interest

Jason E. Bowling reports that he served as a consultant on an advisory board for Becton-Dickinson in May 2016 (related to skin antisepsis), outside the submitted work.

Kathleen (Kit) Darling currently serves on the board of directors for Aggieland Pets With A Purpose (President) and Aggieland Humane Society. No financial compensation is received.

Michelle Day is Director of Regional Societies for Society of Gastroenterology Nurses and Associates.

Donald E. Fry serves on the board of the Surgical Infection Foundation and is a past president of the organization. He is currently a member of 25 surgical societies and held no offices for any of these societies at the time of publication. He is editor-in-chief of the journal Surgical Infections. He speaks periodically on surgical infections for Becton Dickinson. He is a consultant to Prescient Surgical Co. (wound protector; stock options) and Melinta Therapeutics (new antibiotic; honorarium). He is a consultant and chairperson of the advisory board to the IrrlMax Company (honorarium; research funding) on the use of an application of dilute chlorhexidine in the surgical wound.

Bruce Gamage is currently president of Infection Prevention and Control Canada (IPAC Canada).

Chetan Jinadatha reports that he is the principal investigator on various projects that have been funded by Xenex Healthcare Services under a cooperative research and development agreement between the Department of Veterans Affairs and Xenex Healthcare Services. He is also the inventor of record for a patent pending technology named "Methods for organizing the disinfection of one or more items contaminated with biological agents," which is owned by the Department of Veterans Affairs and has been licensed to Xenex Healthcare Services. He reports that he does not own shares, investments or partnerships in Xenex Healthcare Services or any other company relevant to the chapter. He also reports receiving funding from the National Institutes of Health/National Institute of Nursing Research, the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, and the Department of Veterans Affairs.

Keith St. John is currently employed by Wolters Klower Health.

Patricia Kienle is currently employed by Cardinal Health.

Angelia Bridges reports no potential conflicts of interest.

Rebecca Murphy is currently the treasurer for her local Association of periOperative Registered Nurses chapter.

William Pate was elected board member for the South Texas Chapter of the Health Physics Society through April 2014. He is also employed by The University of Texas Medical Branch as an Environmental Health and Safety Consultant.

Timothy Wiemken serves on the Society for Healthcare Epidemiology of America guidelines committee, received grant funding from Clorox Healthcare, is on the speaker bureau for Sanofi Pasteur.