Foodborne Illnesses

Author(s):
Ynes Ortega, PhD, MPH Associate Professor

Center for Food Safety
University of Georgia
Griffin, GA

Published:
October 3, 2014

Abstract

According to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, each year foodborne diseases cause an estimated 48 million illnesses every year in the United States. This includes 9.4 million caused by known pathogens.1It is estimated that 55,961 hospitalizations and 1,351 deaths occur annually in the United States from foodborne illnesses, and that 31 major pathogens are primarily responsible.2Those most affected are very young, elderly, immunocompromised, and underserved (as it relates to racial and ethnic populations) populations. New foodborne diseases are emerging, and increased global travel and trade broaden the opportunities and deepen the risks of contracting and spreading foodborne illness.