Surgical Services

Author(s):
Rebecca J. Murphy, RN, MSN, CNOR Loyola University Medical Center

Maywood, IL

Published:
October 3, 2014

Abstract

Surgical site infection is one of the top three most-common healthcare-associated infections and may affect the incision, deep soft tissues, or some part of the anatomy (e.g., organs or spaces). Surgical site infections represent the most common healthcare-associated infections for surgical patients. Most surgical site infections result from endogenous or exogenous microbial contamination of the wound during surgery. The risk for infection is influenced by the characteristics of the patient, the operation, the surgeon(s), and the healthcare facility, thus creating a need to have an all-encompassing infection prevention and control program focusing on preoperative, intraoperative, and postoperative interventions. Continued vigilance and strict adherence to aseptic and surgical techniques are required to maintain one standard of care for patients undergoing surgical procedures, given the increasing numbers of ambulatory surgeries, same-day surgery admissions, and minimally invasive surgeries with advanced technologies.