Infection Prevention and Control Programs

Author(s):
Candace Friedman, MPH, CIC Project Manager/Office of Clinical Safety

University of Michigan Hospital and Health System
Ann Arbor, MI

Published:
November 26, 2014

Abstract

Infection prevention and control programs in the United States have changed significantly since the mid-20th century. Much of this change was a result of the influence of professional and nonprofit organizations; government, regulatory, and accrediting agencies; and scientific research and publications. Other influences include increasing acuity of patients, aging of the population, complexity and location of treatment interventions, and the increasing move toward care in home/ambulatory settings. There are various models outlined for infection prevention and control programs and standards developed for infection prevention professionals. This chapter includes information on Health and Human Services activities, the National Healthcare Safety Network, and information on international infection prevention and control programs.